OUTLINE ACADEMIC WRITING

Why articles are rejected by journal

  • Introduction not connected with bigger issue
  • Literature is out of date
  • Too much description and no longer argument
  • Peer review not satisfactory
  • Not connected with other literature with high impact factor (Europe, Australia, and America article)

Peer review process

Finding the right, up-to-date literature

  • Google scholar (citation score)
  • Searching back in time
  • Researching forward in time
  • Researchgate + Academia.edu
  • Abstracts

Research Question-sections-paragraphs-sentences-English language corrections-references

Writing a novel is like driving a car at night. You can only see as far as your headlights, but you can make the whole trip that way. E.L. Doctorow.

Half my life is an act of revision. John Irving.

Paragraphs as building blocks of a text

  • Each paragraphs deals with only one topic.
  • This topic is summarized in the topic sentence.
  • The rest of the paragraph is nothing but an elaboration of the topic sentence (data support).
  • All that remains to be done is to rewrite the text, until the topic sentences, read one after the other, give a coherent story.

Prose is architecture, not interior decoration. Ernest Hemingway.

Easy reading is damned hard writing. Ernest Hemingway.

If the paragraphs are the building blocks of a text, the transitional phrases are the mortar that keeps the blocks together. Freek Colombijn.

Easy ways to improve your English

  • Length 20-24 words (max 30 words)
  • Avoid woolly language or wordness
  • Avoid passive sentence
  • 1 clause per sentence
  • Check this/that/these/those
  • Parallel phrases
  • One term for one concept

Reference:

Freek Colombijn, 2017, Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Vrije Univeersiteit Amsterdam, (f.colombijn@vu.nl)