Pragmatic Political Practice or National Political Identity

In the article, with the title “Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia”, told about political condition in Indonesia base on political dynamic in term of general election. As a usual, general election in one of tradition when on country would become democratize country. In fact, they are have several problematic either elite political behavior or society. They have many reasons about that condition, such as: dominance of oligarchic elites, patronage politics, predatory elites, money politic, and muscle power, (Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia 2017). That condition can eliminate of national political identities base on the five principle of Pancasila.

Dominance of oligarchic elites, when the power has become in elite politic after election. It is opposite condition when in process of election then self. The political policy best on what elite want. While as long as I know the definition of republic is rest is mean interest and public is mean people. So when someone has become a leader should listen what the people want.  According to Plato, in The Republic, describes the contrast between the ideal and inferior states in terms of an imagined ‘decay’ or ‘destruction’, using the word pthora (546a), the Greek term later regularly Latinised as corruptio. The ideal state undergoes a number of stages of such decay, through timocracy, oligarchy and democracy, culminating in tyranny, which is the worst regime of all, (Gmbh 2010). Abuse of power is very opten when some people doesn’t have constitutional control from law.

Money politic in D-day of general election mostly haven. That is the main couse of pure score from international for transparency in Indonesia. The persistence of corruption is also reflected on the views of Indonesians’ citizens on corruption. According to the Global Corruption Barometer (Transparency International, 2011), 43% of the households surveyed believe that corruption has increased in the three years preceding the survey. The view on the effectiveness of the government’s efforts to fight corruption is divided. 33% assessed it as effective and 35% as ineffective (Martini 2012). Two concepts in the political campaign when the political elite using the money. Fist, cost politic, the political candidate sped the money to: rent the cars, buy some political images, transportation of political team. This condition I normal and related with political norms. Second, money politic is the political candidate buy the people who chosen that candidate. That’s the main of cause of corruption in political elite in Indonesia.

To sum up, Indonesia already have political principle is the leader value in political system in Indonesia. That the basic principles is need to implementation is several dimensions, they are: in basic constitution, political behavior either elite or society, good implementation of national constitution, high political education. For that reasons hopefully can reduce political deviation in Indonesia.



Garrido, Luis. 2013. “Elites, Political Elites and Social Change in Modern Societies.” Revista de Sociología 28: 31–49.

Gmbh, Toyota Motorsport. 2010. Expanding the Focus.

Martini, Maira. 2012. “Causes of Corruption in Indonesia.” U4 Expert Answers, no. August 2012.

Social , Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia. 2017. Citizenship and Democratization in Southeast Asia.